Posted by: gppn | 13/11/2009

Aid Governance – Towards Good Governance in Africa [AfDB]

Speaker: Aminata Ndiaye, Sciences Po.

Moderator: Wilson Tan (SIPA/LKYSPP) – Rapporteur: Kayo Matsushita (Tokyo University)

Problem

How to design channels of effective aid in Africa that promote good governance and economic growth?

Analysis

What AfDB provides is aid as a tool for good governance. This can make the whole process more transparent and efficient. This can improve the use of their resources. AfDB can be quite effective by creating a fund instead of creating a binding bilateral agreement. In this session the main focus is non-project operations; budget support and technical assistance.

A few areas of work within OSGE

  • Tax Systems
    African tax systems are generally characterised by low tax/GDP ratios. The support reform of tax policies and tax administration depend on aid which is not sustainable.
  • Transparent and Comprehensive Budgeting Procedures
    National budgets ought to reflect a government’s political priorities. The Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) should be supported.
  • Accountability, Transparency and Enhancing Budgetary Control
    Credibility and reliability of governments depend upon regular auditing to ensure both the legality and efficiency of public expenditure. For this African Supreme Audit Institutions (AFROSAI) should be supported.
  • Revenues from Extractive Industries
  • Capacity building for Governance in Fragile States

Restore basic functions of government in order to provide basic services and security for the population.

Governance

  • Governance action plan (2008-2012); good financial governance and sound public financial management in RMC
  • Anti- corruption measures are implemented selectivity
  • So many factors and actors in the aid disbursing process are not effective.
  • Ownership and harmonization among donors are critical; Joint association framework?

Governance is about participation, and ownership, what policy you want to do; shouldn’t be other way round. Under same objectives, it can work effectively.

Procumbent

There should be an international procumbent.

Accountability

  • African Peer Review Mechanism; clear framework to asses it

Voluntary – yearly assessment of particular country and giving recommendation to avoid the governments become a team.

Solutions

Civil society can promote good governance, not the leaders.

  • Promotion of good governance at multiple levels
    • Increased donor harmonization
    • Increased support to regional networks/NGOs
    • Enhanced support to civil society through seminars/workshops
  • Improved design of aid programs: effective conditionality to strengthen country systems
  • Increased accountability and transparency of donors

The ultimate objective of Good Financial Governance in Africa should remain the reduction of poverty by creating capable states that implement country-owned and country-led development strategies.”

Questions and Answers

When they deliver loans, do they deliver it to NGOs, civil society, or through the governments?

95 % aid to the government. In the budget (PBL) Support for NGOs specifically for promotion of governance should be through the governments.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: